Department of Radiation Diagnostics
At the end of 2006 the Department of Radiation Diagnostics was established on the basis of the Center, which for the first time in Ukraine began to diagnose children’ congenital heart diseases using computer and magnetic resonance tomography. The examination of children is carried out, beginning with the first hours of life.
IN THE DEPARTMENT OF RADIATION DIAGNOSTICS:
- The most modern diagnostic equipment of leading manufacturers of medical equipment – Philips, Siemens: a computer tomography, magnetic resonance tomography (1.5 Tesla) and radiology devices;
- Research and treatment is carried out by highly qualified medical staff;
- After the examination, the patient receives: a complete description of the pictures and the conclusion of doctors, recording studies on CD / DVDs, as well as printed pictures;
- For the study of children, special pediatric X-ray equipment is used and designed to reduce the dose of irradiation for patients;
- The ability to conduct research (if necessary) with sedation (drug sleep) of the patient
Modern diagnostic methods can accurately identify the pathological process and put the right diagnosis, which is an important stage for the appointment of proper treatment.
The department performs almost all diagnostic techniques of traditional X-ray diagnostics, computer tomography and magnetic resonance imaging.
The Department of Radiation Diagnostics includes the cabs of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT), X-ray cabs.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a modern method of studying the human body using the magnetic resonance effect. MRI is harmless, since it is not associated with X-ray radiation, it allows to obtain an image of soft tissues in any plane. MRI is one of the most effective methods of diagnosing diseases of the brain, spinal cord, spine and joints.
In addition, MRI allows you to obtain additional detailed information about the patency of blood vessels, to identify the causes of blood flow disorders (atherosclerotic plaques, thrombi, developmental abnormalities). As a rule, such studies do not require the input of contrast preparations, moving blood itself is a natural contrast. But sometimes a contrast enhancement may be required to clarify the diagnosis and obtain more accurate information.
Contrast agent for MRI does not contain iodine ions in its composition and is neutral regarding the human body.
When examining small children and patients who can not remain motionless for some time, sedation is required (drug sleep).
Magnetic resonance tomography of our department (with a magnetic field strength of 1.5 Tesla) have high resolving power, maximum safety, allow to examine all organs and systems, clearly visualize their structure.
Computer tomography (CT) is a method for layer-by-layer examination of the organs of the human body with the help of X-ray radiation.
In contrast with classical radiography, CT allowed to reduce the study time (due to the increase in scanning speed), to expand the zone of anatomical coverage.
CT is prescribed for polytrauma (multiple traumata) with damage to bones and internal organs, for examination of the lungs, circulatory system and other organs and systems, more often with oncological diseases (TNM classification /staging).
The multi-detection computer tomography of our department allows to carry out the research of all organs and systems with high speed, which minimizes the radiation load, and also it is possible to obtain high-precision images of moving objects (primarily the heart). In addition, the tomography is equipped with an automatic injector for the possibility of bolus administration of contrast agent.
The main task of X-ray diagnostics is to conduct studies for patients with pathology of the cardiovascular system, central nervous system, musculoskeletal system, gastrointestinal tract, chest organs. Also, a doctor can assign the performance of radiography as a control result of the effectiveness of the treatment performed;
In the X-ray cabs of our department modern equipment is installed, the technologies of which allow to reduce exposure and reduce the radiation dose of the patient as much as possible. Digital X-ray equipment allows to obtain a high-quality image of the researched anatomical structures of the patient’s body. Which can be displayed on the monitor screen, printed on film and provided to the treating doctor as soon as possible.
Patients whose condition does not allow them to be transported from the hospital departments to the X-ray cabs are examined using mobile X-ray machines.
Tatyana Yalynskaya head of department